Teaching Overview

The Sutton Trust on “What makes great teaching?” Complete downloadable report (PDF) URL

Key Findings

The two factors with the strongest evidence of improving pupil attainment are:

teachers’ content knowledge, including their ability to understand how students think about a subject and identify common misconceptions

quality of instruction, which includes using strategies like effective questioning and the use of assessment

Specific practices which have good evidence of improving attainment include:

challenging students to identify the reason why an activity is taking place in the lesson

asking a large number of questions and checking the responses of all students

spacing-out study or practice on a given topic, with gaps in between for forgetting

making students take tests or generate answers, even before they have been taught the material

Common practices which are not supported by evidence include:

using praise lavishly

allowing learners to discover key ideas by themselves

grouping students by ability

presenting information to students based on their “preferred learning style”

For a broader insight into teaching settings you may like to watch Nothing Works Everywhere: Evidence-Based Approaches to Learning and Teaching Mark Healy, Deputy Head at St. Andrews High School in Coatbridge and ResearchED Scotland Co-Organiser

And a further insight into Assessment

The Psychology of Assessment and Feedback Processes in HE